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Database Setup

This guide will help you set up the database configurations for your Django project, covering both local testing using SQLite and deploying to production using PostgreSQL.

SQLite - Local Testing

SQLite is the default database used by Django for local development. It's a lightweight disk-based database that doesn't require a separate server process and is ideal for development and testing. Below is the default configuration for SQLite in your Django file:

    "default": {
        "ENGINE": "django.db.backends.sqlite3",
        "NAME": BASE_DIR / "db.sqlite3",

This configuration specifies that Django uses the SQLite database, with the database file (db.sqlite3) located in the base directory of your project.

PostgreSQL - Production Environment

For production environments, PostgreSQL is a popular choice due to its robustness, scalability, and support for advanced features. Below is a template configuration for PostgreSQL in your Django file:

    "default": {
        "ENGINE": "django.db.backends.postgresql",
        "NAME": "DB_NAME",
        "USER": "DB_USERNAME",
        "PASSWORD": "DB_PASS",
        "HOST": "DB_HOST",
        "PORT": "DB_PORT",

Replace DB_NAME, DB_USERNAME, DB_PASS, DB_HOST, and DB_PORT with your actual database name, username, password, host, and port respectively.

Provisioning a PostgreSQL Database

You can provision a PostgreSQL database from various cloud providers like Digital Ocean, AWS, or GCP. Note: your database server should be physically located close to your webserver, preferably in the same data center region.